Output Plugin Overview

Fluentd has 6 types of plugins: Input, Parser, Filter, Output, Formatter and Buffer. This article gives an overview of Output Plugin.

Table of Contents

Overview

There are three types of output plugins: Non-Buffered, Buffered, and Time Sliced.

  • Non-Buffered output plugins do not buffer data and immediately write out results.
  • Buffered output plugins maintain a queue of chunks (a chunk is a collection of events), and its behavior can be tuned by the “chunk limit” and “queue limit” parameters (See the diagram below).
  • Time Sliced output plugins are in fact a type of Bufferred plugin, but the chunks are keyed by time (See the diagram below).

The output plugin’s buffer behavior (if any) is defined by a separate Buffer plugin. Different buffer plugins can be chosen for each output plugin. Some output plugins are fully customized and do not use buffers.

List of Non-Buffered Output Plugins

List of Buffered Output Plugins

List of Time Sliced Output Plugins

Other Plugins

Please refer to this list of available plugins to find out about other Output plugins.

Buffered Output Parameters

For advanced usage, you can tune Fluentd’s internal buffering mechanism with these parameters.

buffer_type

The buffer type is memory by default (buf_memory). The file (buf_file) buffer type can be chosen as well. If you use file buffer type, buffer_path parameter is required.

buffer_queue_limit, buffer_chunk_limit

The length of the chunk queue and the size of each chunk, respectively. Please see the Buffer Plugin Overview article for the basic buffer structure. The default values are 64 and 8m, respectively. The suffixes “k” (KB), “m” (MB), and “g” (GB) can be used for buffer_chunk_limit.

flush_interval

The interval between data flushes. The default is 60s. The suffixes “s” (seconds), “m” (minutes), and “h” (hours) can be used.

flush_at_shutdown

If set to true, Fluentd waits for the buffer to flush at shutdown. By default, it is set to true for Memory Buffer and false for File Buffer.

retry_wait, max_retry_wait

The initial and maximum intervals between write retries. The default values are 1.0 seconds and unset (no limit). The interval doubles (with +/-12.5% randomness) every retry until max_retry_wait is reached. In the default configuration the last retry waits for approximately 131072 sec, roughly 36 hours.

retry_limit, disable_retry_limit

The limit on the number of retries before buffered data is discarded, and an option to disable that limit (if true, the value of retry_limit is ignored and there is no limit). The default values are 17 and false (not disabled). If the limit is reached, buffered data is discarded and the retry interval is reset to its initial value (retry_wait).

num_threads

The number of threads to flush the buffer. This option can be used to parallelize writes into the output(s) designated by the output plugin. The default is 1.

secondary output

At Buffered output plugin, the user can specify <secondary> with any output plugin in <match> configuration. If the retry count exceeds the buffer’s retry_limit (and the retry limit has not been disabled via disable_retry_limit), then buffered chunk is output to <secondary> output plugin.

<secondary> is useful for backup when destination servers are unavailable, e.g. forward, mongo and other plugins. We strongly recommend out_file plugin for <secondary>.

Time Sliced Output Parameters

For advanced usage, you can tune Fluentd’s internal buffering mechanism with these parameters.

time_slice_format

The time format used as part of the file name. The following characters are replaced with actual values when the file is created:

  • %Y: year including the century (at least 4 digits)
  • %m: month of the year (01..12)
  • %d: Day of the month (01..31)
  • %H: Hour of the day, 24-hour clock (00..23)
  • %M: Minute of the hour (00..59)
  • %S: Second of the minute (00..60)

The default format is %Y%m%d%H, which creates one file per hour.

time_slice_wait

The amount of time Fluentd will wait for old logs to arrive. This is used to account for delays in logs arriving to your Fluentd node. The default wait time is 10 minutes (‘10m’), where Fluentd will wait until 10 minutes past the hour for any logs that occurred within the past hour.

For example, when splitting files on an hourly basis, a log recorded at 1:59 but arriving at the Fluentd node between 2:00 and 2:10 will be uploaded together with all the other logs from 1:00 to 1:59 in one transaction, avoiding extra overhead. Larger values can be set as needed.

buffer_type

The buffer type is file by default (buf_file). The memory (buf_memory) buffer type can be chosen as well. If you use file buffer type, buffer_path parameter is required.

buffer_queue_limit, buffer_chunk_limit

The length of the chunk queue and the size of each chunk, respectively. Please see the Buffer Plugin Overview article for the basic buffer structure. The default values are 64 and 8m, respectively. The suffixes “k” (KB), “m” (MB), and “g” (GB) can be used for buffer_chunk_limit.

flush_interval

The interval between data flushes. The default is 60s. The suffixes “s” (seconds), “m” (minutes), and “h” (hours) can be used.

flush_at_shutdown

If set to true, Fluentd waits for the buffer to flush at shutdown. By default, it is set to true for Memory Buffer and false for File Buffer.

retry_wait, max_retry_wait

The initial and maximum intervals between write retries. The default values are 1.0 and unset (no limit). The interval doubles (with +/-12.5% randomness) every retry until max_retry_wait is reached. In the default configuration the last retry waits for approximately 131072 sec, roughly 36 hours.

retry_limit, disable_retry_limit

The limit on the number of retries before buffered data is discarded, and an option to disable that limit (if true, the value of retry_limit is ignored and there is no limit). The default values are 17 and false (not disabled). If the limit is reached, buffered data is discarded and the retry interval is reset to its initial value (retry_wait).

num_threads

The number of threads to flush the buffer. This option can be used to parallelize writes into the output(s) designated by the output plugin. The default is 1.

Last updated: 2014-12-12 18:44:49 UTC

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