Store Apache Logs into Amazon S3
Fluentd is an advanced open-source log collector originally developed at Treasure Data, Inc. One of the main objectives of log aggregation is data archiving. Amazon S3, the cloud object storage provided by Amazon, is a popular solution for data archiving.
Fluentd does 3 things:
- 1.It continuously "tails" the access log file.
- 2.It parses the incoming log entries into meaningful fields (such as
path, etc.) and buffers them.
- 3.It writes the buffered data to Amazon S3 periodically.
For simplicity, this article will describe how to set up an one-node configuration. Please install the following software on the same node.
- Your Amazon Web Services Account
- Apache (with the Combined Log Format)
The Amazon S3 Output plugin is included in the latest version of Fluentd's deb/rpm package. If you want to use Ruby Gems to install the plugin, please use
gem install fluent-plugin-s3.
Let's start configuring Fluentd. If you used the deb/rpm package, Fluentd's config file is located at /etc/td-agent/td-agent.conf. Otherwise, it is located at /etc/fluentd/fluentd.conf.
For the input source, we will set up Fluentd to track the recent Apache logs (typically found at /var/log/apache2/access_log) The Fluentd configuration file should look like this:
Please make sure that your Apache outputs are in the default \'combined\' format. `format apache2` cannot parse custom log formats. Please see the in_tail article for more information.
Let's go through the configuration line by line.
type tail: The tail Input plugin continuously tracks the log file.This handy plugin is included in Fluentd's core.
format apache2: Uses Fluentd's built-in Apache log parser.
path /var/log/apache2/access_log: The location of the Apache log.This may be different for your particular system.
s3.apache.accessis used as the tag toroute the messages within Fluentd.
That's it! You should now be able to output a JSON-formatted data stream for Fluentd to process.
The output destination will be Amazon S3. The output configuration should look like this:
The match section specifies the regexp used to look for matching tags. If a matching tag is found in a log, then the config inside
<match>...</match>is used (i.e. the log is routed according to the config inside). In this example, the
s3.apache.accesstag (generated by
tail) is always used.
To test the configuration, just ping the Apache server. This example uses the
ab(Apache Bench) program.
$ ab -n 100 -c 10 http://localhost/
WARNING: By default, files are created on an hourly basis (around xx:10). This means that when you first import records using the plugin, no file is created immediately. The file will be created when the
time_slice_formatcondition has been met. To change the output frequency, please modify the
time_slice_formatvalue. To write files every minute, please use
Fluentd + Amazon S3 makes real-time log archiving simple.
If this article is incorrect or outdated, or omits critical information, please let us know. Fluentd is a open source project under Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF). All components are available under the Apache 2 License.