udp

The in_udp Input plugin enables Fluentd to accept UDP payload.

It is included in Fluentd's core.

Example Configuration

<source>
@type udp
tag mytag # required
<parse>
@type regexp
expression /^(?<field1>\d+):(?<field2>\w+)$/
</parse>
port 20001 # optional. 5160 by default
bind 0.0.0.0 # optional. 0.0.0.0 by default
message_length_limit 1MB # optional. 4096 bytes by default
</source>

Refer to the Configuration File article for the basic structure and syntax of the configuration file.

For <parse>, refer to Parse Section.

We have observed drastic performance improvements on Linux, with proper kernel parameter settings (e.g. net.core.rmem_max parameter). If you have high-volume UDP traffic, please make sure to follow Before Installing Fluentd instructions.

Plugin Helpers

Parameters

See Common Parameters.

@type

The value must be udp.

tag

type

default

version

string

required parameter

0.14.0

The tag of the output events.

port

type

default

version

integer

5160

0.14.0

The port to listen to. (default: 5160)

bind

type

default

version

string

0.0.0.0 (all addresses)

0.14.0

The bind address to listen to.

source_hostname_key

type

default

version

string

nil (no adding hostname)

0.14.10

The field name of the client's hostname. If it is set, the client's hostname will be set to its key.

If you set the following configuration:

source_hostname_key client_host

then the client's hostname is set to client_host field i.e.:

{
...
"foo": "bar",
"client_host": "client.hostname.org"
}

source_address_key

type

default

version

string

nil (no adding source address)

1.4.2

The field name for the client's IP address. If you set this option, Fluentd automatically adds the remote address to each data record.

For example, if you have the following configuration:

<source>
@type udp
source_address_key client_addr
# ...
</source>

You will get something like this:

{
...
"client_addr": "192.168.10.10"
...
}

message_length_limit

type

default

version

size

4096

0.14.14

The maximum number of bytes for the message.

remove_newline

type

default

version

bool

true

0.14.23

Removes the newline from the end of the incoming payload.

<parse> Section

required

multi

version

true

false

0.14.10

in_tcp uses the parser plugin to parse the payload.

For more details:

Code Example

Here is a Ruby example to send an event to in_udp:

require 'socket'
us = UDPSocket.open
sa = Socket.pack_sockaddr_in(5160, '127.0.0.1')
# This example uses json payload.
# In in_udp configuration, need to configure "@type json" in "<parse>"
us.send('{"k":"v1"}', 0, sa)
us.send('{"k":"v2"}', 0, sa)
us.close

FAQ

How to prevent request drop?

If in_udp gets lots of packets within 1 sec, some packets are dropped. For example, you can see bigger RcvbufErrors number via netstat -su.

This means that in_udp with one process cannot handle such traffic loads. Try multi workers.

If this article is incorrect or outdated, or omits critical information, please let us know. Fluentd is an open-source project under Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF). All components are available under the Apache 2 License.