Python

The fluent-logger-python library is used to post records from Python applications to Fluentd.

This article explains how to use it.

Prerequisites

  • Basic knowledge of Python

  • Basic knowledge of Fluentd

  • Python 2.6 or higher

Installing Fluentd

Please refer to the following documents to install fluentd:

Modifying the Config File

Configure Fluentd to use the forward input plugin as its data source:

<source>
@type forward
port 24224
</source>
<match fluentd.test.**>
@type stdout
</match>

Restart agent after configuring.

# for rpm/deb only
$ sudo /etc/init.d/td-agent restart
# or systemd
$ sudo systemctl restart td-agent.service

Using fluent-logger-python

Install fluent-logger library via pip:

$ pip install fluent-logger

Initialize and post the records as shown below:

# test.py
from fluent import sender
from fluent import event
sender.setup('fluentd.test', host='localhost', port=24224)
event.Event('follow', {
'from': 'userA',
'to': 'userB'
})

Executing the script will send the logs to Fluentd:

$ python test.py

The logs should be output to /var/log/td-agent/td-agent.log or the standard output of the Fluentd process via the stdout output plugin.

Production Deployments

Output Plugins

Various output plugins are available for writing records to other destinations:

High-Availability Configurations of Fluentd

For high-traffic websites (more than 5 application nodes), we recommend using the high-availability configuration for td-agent. This will improve the reliability of data transfer and query performance.

Monitoring

Monitoring Fluentd itself is also important. The article below describes the general monitoring methods for td-agent.

If this article is incorrect or outdated, or omits critical information, please let us know. Fluentd is an open-source project under Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF). All components are available under the Apache 2 License.