Plugin Development

Installing Custom Plugins

To install a plugin, put the Ruby script in /etc/fluent/plugin directory.

Alternatively, you can create a Ruby Gem package that includes:

lib/fluent/plugin/<TYPE>_<NAME>.rb

The TYPE prefix could be:

prefix

plugin type

in

input

out

output

filter

filter

parser

parser

formatter

formatter

storage

storage

buf

buffer

sd

service discovery

For example, an email output plugin would have the path:

lib/fluent/plugin/out_mail.rb

The packaged gem can be distributed and installed using RubyGems. For further information, see the list of Fluentd plugins for third-party plugins.

Overview

The following slides can help understand how Fluentd works before diving into writing custom plugins.

These slides are from Naotoshi Seo's RubyKaigi 2014 talk.

The slides are based on Fluentd v0.12. There are many differences between v0.12 and v1 API, but it may help build an understanding of overall Fluentd's design.

Fluentd Version and Plugin API

Fluentd now has two active versions, v1 and v0.12. v1 is the current stable with the brand-new Plugin API. v0.12 is the old stable and it has the old Plugin API.

The important point is v1 supports v1 and v0.12 APIs. It means the plugin for v0.12 works with v1.

It is recommended to use the new v1 plugin API for writing new plugins.

Send a patch or fork?

If you have a problem with any existing plugins or a new feature idea, sending a patch is better. If the plugin author is non-active, try to become its new plugin maintainer first. Forking a plugin and release its alternative version, e.g. fluent-plugin-xxx-alt is considered the last option.

Writing Plugins

To create a plugin as a Ruby script (to put it in /etc/fluent/plugin/ directory), create a <TYPE>_<NAME>.rb file in any editor/IDE of your choice.

Example:

# in_my_awesome.rb
require 'fluent/plugin/input'
module Fluent
module Plugin
class MyAwesomeInput < Input
# For `@type my_awesome` in configuration file
Fluent::Plugin.register_input('my_awesome', self)
def configure(conf)
super
end
def start
super
# ...
end
end
end
end

See the respective plugin development article, "How to write XXX plugin", for API details.

A single Ruby script is easy to write but hard to test, manage, version. publish, etc.

If you want to publish a plugin under version control, you should use bundle gem to create the plugin source tree and then git init it. It requires the bundler gem in your Ruby environment.

Example:

$ bundle gem fluent-plugin-my_awesome

It generates source code directory tree under lib, fluent-plugin-my_awesome.gemspec file, README.md and other relevant files.

Fluentd plugin projects use a bit different code tree under lib i.e.:

lib/fluent/plugin/<TYPE>_<NAME>.rb

Generating Plugin Project Skeleton

To make things easier, fluent-plugin-generate is provided to generate the project skeleton for writing a Fluentd plugin as a Gem package.

For example, to generate the project skeleton for an input plugin http2, the command would be:

$ fluent-plugin-generate input http2
License: Apache-2.0
create Gemfile
create README.md
create Rakefile
create fluent-plugin-http2.gemspec
create lib/fluent/plugin/in_http2.rb
create test/helper.rb
create test/plugin/test_in_http2.rb
Initialized empty Git repository in /path/to/fluent-plugin-http2/.git/
$ tree
fluent-plugin-http2/
├── Gemfile
├── LICENSE
├── README.md
├── Rakefile
├── fluent-plugin-http2.gemspec
├── lib
│ └── fluent
│ └── plugin
│ └── in_http2.rb
└── test
├── helper.rb
└── plugin
└── test_in_http2.rb
5 directories, 8 files

If you want to generate a project skeleton without LICENSE, use --no-license option. For more details, see fluent-plugin-generate --help.

Debugging Plugins

Run fluentd with the -vv command-line option to show debugging messages:

$ fluentd -vv

The stdout and copy output plugins are useful for debugging. The stdout output plugin dumps matched events to the standard output (console). It can be configured like this:

# You want to debug this plugin.
<source>
@type your_custom_input_plugin
</source>
# Dump all events to stdout.
<match **>
@type stdout
</match>

The copy output plugin copies the matched events to the multiple output plugins. You can use it in conjunction with the stdout plugin:

<source>
@type forward
</source>
# Use the forward Input plugin and the fluent-cat command to feed events:
# $ echo '{"event":"message"}' | fluent-cat test.tag
<match test.tag>
@type copy
# Dump the matched events.
<store>
@type stdout
</store>
# Feed the dumped events to your plugin.
<store>
@type your_custom_output_plugin
</store>
</match>

You can use stdout filter instead of copy and stdout combination. The result is the same as above but more simpler.

<source>
@type forward
</source>
<filter>
@type stdout
</filter>
<match test.tag>
@type your_custom_output_plugin
</match>

Writing Tests for Plugins

Fluentd provides unit test frameworks for plugins:

Fluent::Test::Driver::Input # Test driver for input plugins.
Fluent::Test::Driver::Output # Test driver for output plugins.
Fluent::Test::Driver::Filter # Test driver for filter plugins.

It is strongly recommended to use test-unit as the unit test library. Fluentd's test drivers assume that the test code uses it. Add test-unitas the development dependency in your gemspec, add Rake task to run tests in your Rakefile and write test code in test/plugin/test_in_my_awesome.rb.

gemspec

Gem::Specification.new do |gem|
gem.name = 'fluent-plugin-my_awesome'
# ...
gem.add_runtime_dependency 'fluentd'
gem.add_development_dependency 'test-unit'
end

Rakefile

require 'rake/testtask'
Rake::TestTask.new(:test) do |test|
test.libs << 'lib' << 'test'
test.pattern = 'test/**/test_*.rb'
test.verbose = true
end

Run bundle to execute tests:

$ bundle exec rake test

See Writing Plugin Test Code for more details on writing tests.

Writing Documents for Plugins

Following is a snippet of README.md showing the project skeleton generated with fluent-plugin-generate.

For example:

# fluent-plugin-http2
[Fluentd](https://fluentd.org/) input plugin to do something.
TODO: write description for you plugin.
## Installation
### RubyGems
```
$ gem install fluent-plugin-http2
```
### Bundler
Add following line to your Gemfile:
```ruby
gem "fluent-plugin-http2"
```
And then execute:
```
$ bundle
```
## Configuration
You can generate configuration template:
```
$ fluent-plugin-config-format input http2
```
You can copy and paste generated documents here.
## Copyright
* Copyright(c) 2017- John Doe
* License
* Apache License, Version 2.0

You should write the plugin description and configurations.

You can generate configuration using fluent-plugin-config-format command.

Example (input dummy):

$ fluent-plugin-config-format -c input dummy
## Plugin helpers
* thread
* storage
* See also: Fluent::Plugin::Input
## Fluent::Plugin::DummyInput
* **tag** (string) (required): The value is the tag assigned to the generated events.
* **size** (integer) (optional): The number of events in event stream of each emits.
* Default value: `1`.
* **rate** (integer) (optional): It configures how many events to generate per second.
* Default value: `1`.
* **auto_increment_key** (string) (optional): If specified, each generated event has an auto-incremented key field.
* **suspend** (bool) (optional): The boolean to suspend-and-resume incremental value after restart
* **dummy** () (optional): The dummy data to be generated. An array of JSON hashes or a single JSON hash.
* Default value: `[{"message"=>"dummy"}]`.

For more details, see fluent-plugin-config-format --help.

Further Reading

If this article is incorrect or outdated, or omits critical information, please let us know. Fluentd is an open-source project under Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF). All components are available under the Apache 2 License.